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Phrasal Verbs. Elementary
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Phrasal Verbs. Elementary

LEVEL 1 |

This is a list of phrasal verbs for Elementary level. 

Prepared and voiced by Inna Zharuk


For different levels see #phrasal verbs

Словарь Ножницы Перевод Значение Замена

Phrasal Verbs.  Elementary

     phrasal verb

     definition

     translation

 become of

to happen

становиться, делаться

 

What has become of my pencil? I had it ten minutes ago, but now I can't find it.

 believe in

to accept as true,
have faith in

верить

 

Throughout the history of man, some cultures have believed in one god while others have believed in the existence of many gods.

 belong to

to be a member

быть членом клуба

 

They belong to the same chess club.

 

to be connected to a time, place, belief, thing, etc

принадлежать

 

You shouldn't take what doesn't belong to you.

 break down

to stop working

сломаться

 

Sometimes the heating system breaks down.

 

to remove a barrier or obstacle (s)

сломить, разбить

 

We broke down the wall with big hammers.

 bring back

to return (s)

возвращать

 

You can borrow my car if you promise to bring it back by six o'clock.

 

to cause someone to remember (s)

напоминать (3)

 

The photos brought back some wonderful memories.

 come back

to return

возвращаться

 

What time are you coming back?

 come down with

to fall ill

заболеть

 

I think I'm coming down with a cold.

 come from

country or town where you were born

происходить, иметь происхождение

 

What country in South American does she come from?
She comes from Peru.

 come on

to encourage

давай же

 

Come on! We're going to be late.

 

to start functioning (about machines)

включаться (о приборе) (3)

 

Just as I entered the house, all the lights came on.

 find out

to discover (s)

узнавать, выяснять, понимать

 

Will you please try to find out what time the airplane arrives?

 get in

to arrive (train, plane etc.)

прибывать, прилетать

 

Our flight's getting in later than expected.

 

to enter a car or taxi

садиться в машину

 

It's easiest to get in the car from the driver's side. The door on the other side doesn't work well.

 

to arrive at work, school, home

приезжать

 

What time did you get in last night?

 

to enter a building
or place

входить

 

They must have got in through the bathroom window.

 get off

to leave a bus, train, etc.

выходить, покидать (автобус, поезд)

 

Helen got off the train at the 42nd Street terminal.

 

to finish, leave work

заканчивать, отправляться, покидать

 

What time do you get off work?

 get on

to enter a bus,
train, plane, etc.

входить, садиться (в автобус, на поезд)

 

I always get on the bus to work at 34th Street.

 

to make progress,
deal with something

делать успехи, преуспевать (3)

 

How's Frank getting on in his new job?

 get out of

to avoid doing something you dislike

избегать, увиливать (2)

 

You're just trying to get out of doing the housework!

 get up

to get out of bed

подниматься, вставать (после сна)

 

I hate getting up early.

 give back

to return something
you've borrowed (s)

возвращать, отдавать

 

When can you give back the money that you owe?

 go on

to continue

продолжать

 

I didn't mean to interrupt you. Please go on.

 

to happen

случаться, происходить

 

Many people gathered near the accident to see what was going on.

 

to last

длиться (2)

 

The film seemed to go on forever.

 

to progress

продвигаться,
развиваться (3)

 

How is your work going on?

 

to start working
(electronical equipment)

включаться (об электричестве) (3)

 

The street lights go on when it gets dark and go off at midnight.

 go out

to take part in social activities

идти гулять (на вечеринку, в ресторан)

 

They love going out every Saturday night.

 

to stop burning, be extinguished

догореть, погаснуть (об огне, свете) (2)

 

The candle went out and left us in darkness.

 

to become unfashionable

выходить из моды (2)

 

I thought these bellbottomed trousers went out years ago!

 look after

to take care

заботиться, присматривать

 

Grandma will you look after the baby while we go to the lecture?

 look for

to try to find

искать

 

He's spent over an hour looking for the pen that he lost.

 look out

to be careful

быть настороже, берегись

 

Look out! There's a car coming!

 move in

to start living in a place

вселяться, переезжать

 

They've bought a new house, but it will need a lot of work before they can move in.

 move out

to leave a place you
live or work in

выезжать, переезжать

 

Her landlord has given her a week to move out.

 pass by

to go past
without stopping

проходить мимо, стороной

 

I was just passing by, so I thought I'd drop in for a chat.

 pay back

to repay
money borrowed (s)

выплатить деньги, вернуть деньги

 

Can you lend me a fiver? I'll pay it back tomorrow.

 

to take revenge (s)

отплатить, отомстить (2)

 

He swore he'd pay her back for all she'd done to him.

 print out

to make a hard copy of a computer document (s)

выводить на печать, распечатывать

 

Could you print out a copy of that letter for me?

 put on

to start wearing (s)

надевать

 

Put your shoes on we're going out.

 

to become heavier (s)

набирать вес (2)

 

He's put on 10 pounds in the last month.

 run away

to leave home to escape

бежать, удирать

 

He ran away from home when he was only 12.

 

to avoid dealing with a problem

уклоняться, избегать (3)

 

She accused him of running away from his responsibilities.

 shut up

to stop talking
or making noise (s)

замолчать

 

I wish you'd shut up for a moment and listen to what the rest of us have to say.

 sit down

to be seated (s)

садиться, усаживаться

 

We sat down on the park bench and watched the children play.

 stand up

to move from a sitting or lying down to a vertical position

вставать

 

When the president entered the room, everyone stood up.

 

to fail to keep an appointment (s)

не приходить на встречу, кидать (4)

 

I don't know if I've been stood up or if she's just late I'll wait another half an hour.

 take off

to remove clothes (s)

снимать, сбрасывать (одежду)

 

He took off his clothes and got into the bath.

 

to leave the ground and begin to fly

взлетать

 

The plane took off at 8.30 a.m.

 

to spend time away from your work

брать отпуск, отдыхать (2)

 

He took off two weeks in September.

 

to suddenly start to be successful or popular

приобрести популярность, взлетать (4)

 

Her singing career had just begun to take off.

 think of

to have a (good or bad) opinion of

думать, иметь мнение

 

What do you think of the film?

 tidy up

to put things in the correct place in a room (s)

убирать, приводить в порядок

 

Tidy up these papers before you leave, please.

 try on

to put clothes on to see if they fit (s)

примерять

 

Try on the shoes before you buy them.

 turn off

to stop a machine (s)

выключать

 

This sort of heater turns off at the mains.

 turn on

to start a machine (s)

включать

 

I asked him to turn on the heating.

 

to cause someone to feel attraction or pleasure (s)

волновать, возбуждать (4)

 

Black men really turn me on.

 wait for

to expect

ожидать, ждать

 

When the thieves left the building, the police were waiting for them.

 wake up

to stop sleeping (s)

просыпаться, будить

 

What time did you wake up this morning?

 wash up

to clean everything
used to prepare food
and eat it (s)

мыть посуду 

 

How many plates are there to wash up?

 

to wash face and hands

умываться, мыть руки

 

Go and wash up, your dinner's ready.

 watch out

to be careful

быть на стороже, берегись

 

Watch out! There is a car coming.

 write down

to make notes (s)

записывать

 

Did you write down Jo's phone number?